The Evolutionary Saga of Circumcision from a Religious Perspective

    • The Evolutionary Saga of Circumcision from a Religious Perspective


      Circumcision is the oldest surgical operation known to mankind. It probably originated as a less radical form of genital mutilation inflicted on prisoners of war. Over time it was adopted by the Egyptian priesthood and nobility, perhaps inspired by the mythology of Osiris. In turn, circumcision became part of the Jewish and Muslim religious cultures.
      In contrast, ancient Greeks valued an intact prepuce, as evident from the nude figures of Renaissance art. In the 19th century, circumcision was touted as a treatment for excessive masturbation, seizures, epilepsy, and paraplegia. Adoption of the procedure by medical science was almost akin to a religious belief. By the mid-20th century, it was widely performed on male infants on the pretext of phimosis when the prepuce was not retractable. In 1949, Gairdner documented that the tight prepuce of infants gradually becomes retractile as childhood progresses. Thus, childhood circumcision solely for non-retractile prepuce is unnecessary, which is the foundation for modern anti-circumcision movements.
      sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022346818301842
      Obwohl das menschliche Genie in verschiedenen Erfindungen mit verschiedenen
      Mitteln zu einem und demselben Ziel antwortet, wird es nie eine Erfindung weder schöner,
      noch leichter, noch kürzer als die der Natur finden, weil in ihren Erfindungen nichts fehlt und nichts überflüssig ist." Leonardo da Vinci
    • Thus, childhood circumcision solely for non-retractile prepuce is unnecessary, which is the foundation for modern anti-circumcision movements.
      Das ist wohl zu sehr vereinfacht.
      Obwohl das menschliche Genie in verschiedenen Erfindungen mit verschiedenen
      Mitteln zu einem und demselben Ziel antwortet, wird es nie eine Erfindung weder schöner,
      noch leichter, noch kürzer als die der Natur finden, weil in ihren Erfindungen nichts fehlt und nichts überflüssig ist." Leonardo da Vinci